Address: Jr. 28 de Julio Nº 740 Ayacucho
Phone: (066) 317063
- ESC Chief: Gabina Tealdo
- Business Manager: Sally Sánchez
- Business Manager: Hernán Yanasupo
The Ayacucho Economic Corridor is located in Peru’s south-central Sierra. Its capital, Ayacucho city, is located at an altitude of 2,761 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.) and has a mild, dry weather. The average temperature during the year is 17.5º C (maximum 24º C, minimum 11º C), with 2,000-2,600 yearly sun hours and a relative humidity of 55%.
The 543 km between Lima and Ayacucho can be covered by ground transportation (8 hours through the Pan-American Highway, connecting with the Los Libertadores Highway in the city of Pisco). Two airlines offer 60-minute flights between both cities.
Ayacucho City connects with Junín and the Central Highway through the Ayacucho – Huanta – Huancayo Highway; with Huancavelica through a semi-unpaved road running through the villages of Julcamarca and Lircay; and with Apurímac and Cusco through the Ayacucho – Andahuaylas – Abancay – Cusco Highway; and with the Amazon region (the VRAE) through the Quinua – Tambo – Ayna – San Francisco Highway. Ayacucho is thus strategically located to operate as a key commercial link between the central and south Sierra (Junín-Huancavelica and Apurímac-Cusco), the Costa (Pisco, Ica), and the Selva.
The most important irrigation project in the area is the Río Cachi Project, which will provide 14,000 hectares on the high (3,200-4,000 m.a.s.l.) and intermediate (2,600 a 3,190 m.a.s.l.) zones of the Huamanga Province with a permanent water supply. The project is already in its final stage thanks to the support of the Regional Government. The area is thus becoming increasingly attractive for new agricultural projects (mainly export-oriented) for its ready ground access to Lima and other cities of the Costa.
The Valley of the Rivers Apurímac and Ene (VRAE) is a wide stretch of territory covering the
Ceja de Selva area of the Provinces of La Mar and Huanta in the Department of Ayacucho; the Province of La Convención in the Department of Cusco; and the Province of Satipo in the Department of Junín. The Valley has a varied weather, from mild-cold at 1,000-1,500 m.a.s.l., to hot at 400-800 m.a.s.l. (sábana weather, according to Kope’s classification).
The temperature is 20ºC - 35ºC on river margins. Rainfall plays a role as a stabilizing element in such hot weather. Annual rainfall is over 750 mm. The Valley forms a small isopluvial pocket within the region. In the Selva there are basically two seasons: the rain season (October to April) and the drought season (May to September). Rainfall depends on temperature and humidity.
Access to the VRAE is through the extension of the Northeast Tourist Circuit (Wari, Quinua). It takes 8 to 9 hours to cover the 210 km San Francisco - Kimbiri - Pichari stretch by ground transportation. Access is also possible from the Province of Huanta. The road has the following characteristics:
- Ayacucho – Quinua: 32 km (asphalted).
- Quinua – Tambo: 49 km (unpaved).
- Tambo - San Francisco – Kimbiri: 116 km (unpaved).
- Kimbiri – Pichari: 22 km (cobbled and unpaved).
- Ground transportation: 197 km Ayacucho-San Francisco (7 hours).
- Air transportations: Charter flight to the Santa Teresa airport in Kimbiri.
- River transportation: Within the valley.
- Other: Bridle paths.